In this episode I talk to Jeff Sebo. Jeff is a Clinical Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies, Affiliated Professor of Bioethics, Medical Ethics, and Philosophy, and Director of the Animal Studies M.A. Program at New York University. Jeff’s research focuses on bioethics, animal ethics, and environmental ethics. He has two co-authored books Chimpanzee Rights and Food, Animals, and the Environment. We talk about something Jeff calls the 'moral problem of other minds', which is roughly the problem of what we should to if we aren't sure whether another being is sentient or not.
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- 0:00 - Introduction
- 1:38 - What inspired Jeff to think about the moral problem of other minds?
- 7:55 - The importance of sentience and our uncertainty about it
- 12:32 - The three possible responses to the moral problem of other minds: (i) the incautionary principle; (ii) the precautionary principle and (iii) the expected value principle
- 15:26 - Understanding the Incautionary Principle
- 20:09 - Problems with the Incautionary Principle
- 23:14 - Understanding the Precautionary Principle: More plausible than the incautionary principle?
- 29:20 - Is morality a zero-sum game? Is there a limit to how much we can care about other beings?
- 35:02 - The problem of demandingness in moral theory
- 37:06 - Other problems with the precautionary principle
- 41:41 - The Utilitarian Version of the Expected Value Principle
- 47:36 - The problem of anthropocentrism in moral reasoning
- 53:22 - The Kantian Version of the Expected Value Principle
- 59:08 - Problems with the Kantian principle
- 1:03:54 - How does the moral problem of other minds transfer over to other cases, e.g. abortion and uncertainty about the moral status of the foetus?
- Chimpanzee Ethics by Jeff and ors
- Food, Animals and the Environment by Jeff and Christopher Schlottman
- 'Consider the Lobster' by David Foster Wallace
- 'Ethical Behaviourism in the Age of the Robot' by John Danaher