I was raised in the tradition of believing that everyone is of equal moral worth. But when I scrutinise my daily practices, I don’t think I can honestly say that I act as if everyone is of equal moral worth. The idea that some people belong within the circle of moral concern and some do not is central to many moral systems. But what affects the dynamics of the moral circle? How does it contract and expand? Can it expand indefinitely? In this episode I discuss these questions with Joshua Rottman. Josh is an associate Professor in the Department of Psychology and the Program in Scientific and Philosophical Studies of Mind at Franklin and Marshall College. His research is situated at the intersection of cognitive development and moral psychology, and he primarily focuses on studying the factors that lead certain entities and objects to be attributed with (or stripped of) moral concern.
- The normative significance of moral psychology
- The concept of the moral circle
- How the moral circle develops in children
- How the moral circle changes over time
- Can the moral circle expand indefinitely?
- Do we have a limited budget of moral concern?
- Do most people underuse their budget of moral concern?
- Why do some people prioritise the non-human world over marginal humans?